Eastern Black Butterfly Lifecycle Papilio polyxenes

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Eastern Black Swallowtail Butterfly Papilio polyxenes
The Eastern Black Swallowtail Butterfly Papilio polyxenes is found in most of the United States. This butterfly is also known as the American Swallowtail. Fennel, parsley, dill, Queen Anne's Lace, Water Hemlock, Mock Bishop's Weed, Carrots, and many plants in the carrot family are used by these butterflies as a larval food plant. Eastern Black Swallowtails (and Giant Swallowtails) use Rue as a host plant.
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) host plant, fennel
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) laying eggs on her host plant, fennel
Fennel, Black Swallowtail host plant
Female Laying Eggs
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) eggs
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) caterpillar larva
Eastern Black Swallowtail eggs
Tiny Caterpillar
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) caterpillar larva
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) caterpillar larva
Young Caterpillar
Growing Caterpillar
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) caterpillar larva osmeterium
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) caterpillar larva legs
Osmeterium
Six true legs and eight prolegs to the rear
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) fresh pupa parts
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) caterpillar larva
Fresh Pupa Chrysalis
Face of 5th instar Caterpillar
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) brown pupa chrysalis
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) green brown white blue pupa chrysalis
The Chrysalis often resembles a stick
Four colors of the Chrysalis
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) pupa chrysalis girdle
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes) pupa chrysalis spiracles
The chrysalis is attached with a silken girdle
Chrysalises breathe through spirales in their sides
Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes)
Eastern Black Swallowtail female butterfly (Papilio polyxenes)
The underside of a Black Swallowtail Female
nectaring on Butterfly Bush
Black Swallowtail Female
The Eastern Black Swallowtail Butterfly Papilio polyxenes - raising this species of butterfly is easy and fun. Remember, if it does not emerge from its chrysalis for weeks or months, it may be in diapause. Swallowtails spend the winter as a chrysalis and emerge months later.